About learning and memory
Learning and memory describe the ability to take in, process, store, and recall information. This may be information that we have heard (e.g. spoken instructions) or seen (e.g. being shown the location of items). Learning and remembering information relies on many different skills. First, we need to take in the new information. This relies on sensory processes (e.g. hearing, seeing, touching) and cognitive processes (e.g. paying attention, concentrating, processing information quickly, and storing information in an organised way). Once information is learned, we also need to be able to get that knowledge from memory stores.
It is common for children to differ in the way they learn information. Some children are very good at learning verbal information, which means that may only need to be told something once for them to recall it. Others may be better at learning and recalling things they have seen.
Many students with disabilities or developmental disorders need support with learning and memory. These could include students with learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism or sensory disabilities. Some children with these challenges might find it hard to concentrate for long periods, take in and process information, or need more time to learn.
Maximise a child’s understanding
Keep it interesting
Adapt your teaching style
Provide extra supports
Target a child’s memory skills
Best practice tips
Tailor the assessment approach
Get student feedback
Provide a supportive environment
Visit our resources page for a range of resources that can help to create inclusive education environments for children with disabilities and developmental challenges. Some particularly relevant resources for children with learning issues include: