Key Supports

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What are some key protective factors for child mental health and wellbeing?

Research has identified a range of different factors that can support resilience and wellbeing in young children during challenging times. Below are some areas where supports can have a positive impact.


Research consistently identifies good sleep as essential for wellbeing. Children who get good sleep have been shown to be less impacted by loneliness. Children with autism commonly experience sleep problems and may benefit from extra support with sleep routines.


Staying active can help children manage feelings of stress and supports their emotional wellbeing. Taking the time to head outside for a walk, run or ride each day will have positive impacts on their emotions and behaviour, while also providing them with lots of learning opportunities as they explore and interact with the environment around them. Daily walks may also be a great time to practice mindfulness and to appreciate the many little things along the way.

Active play at home also plays an important role in helping children meet their energy, emotional and social needs. Activities such as running around the backyard, dancing, playing catch and jumping are just some of the ways you can keep your child active.

NAB AFL Auskick provide ideas for keeping young ones active via their twitter account. For strategies to help a child with a disability or developmental challenge to stay active visit AllPlay Move.

Healthy eating

Healthy eating is linked with better mental wellbeing in children and adults. Some children may be picky eaters – for example, some children with autism may avoid specific foods due to sensory sensitivities. If your child finds eating a range of healthy foods challenging, you can read more about how to support your child here or seek support from your child’s GP/paediatrician or allied health practitioners.

Social connections

With social distancing, it is normal for children to have feelings of isolation and loneliness. Parents can promote and supervise social connection through online platforms such as email, social media, phone or video conference.

The eSafety Commissioner provides advice for parents and carers on how they can ensure their child’s safety while they learn and connect online. Check out their virtual safety kit, filled with evidence-based suggestions and links.

Warm and supportive parenting

Having caring and supportive caregivers can help children thrive when faced with adversities (including family financial stress, health challenges, and trauma). Your relationship with your child can make a big difference, no matter what your family might be facing during this time. Providing physical reassurance (e.g. cuddles) and positive affirmation, and setting boundaries using a friendly tone, can help your child feel safe during this time.

Being available to talk to your children about emotions is also important. Warm and supportive parenting can help children with learning to identify, express and regulate their emotions. Families can use AllPlay Learn emotion cards, or you could practice mindfulness or relaxation breathing together. Experiencing difficulties when trying to solve a problem can often cause frustration or outbursts. Our problem-solving guide for young children is a great tool for helping children to understand their difficulties whilst brainstorming potential solutions.

Emotion cards
Problem-solving guide
Relaxation breathing script


During times of stress, it is critical for young children to have periods in the day where they can engage in play. Play is important for the physical, emotional, social and cognitive development of children. It is through play that they develop creativity and imagination, make sense of the world around them, learn to express and regulate their emotions, and develop their motor skills (movement skills). Experience Victoria provides an excellent curation of activities you can do at home to get you started.

For more information about supporting play during COVID-19, visit Emerging Minds.


A consistent routine can provide children with a sense of stability and continuity during times of stress.

Here you will find some tips on how to help a child cope with disruptions to routine:

Coping with disruptions to routine